Educators, behaviourists, veterinarians and all who work with our friends with 4 legs will tell you: socialization is a key phase in the life of a dog. If neglected, the animal will certainly develop various behavioural disorders.
Socialization is a crucial step in the development of the puppy and will greatly determine his behavior in adulthood. It is an essential component of education and the balance of the animal. A well socialized dog will be much more pleasant to live, although this does not mean that it will be systematically walk on legs.This will affect its character or personality, but will improve his attitude in the face of its congeners and other beings living what he will have to meet during his future life.
Before the socialization: the impregnation phase
The impregnation is one of the first steps in the life of the puppy. During this period, the young dog learns to identify his peers with his mother, his brothers and sisters. For this reason, it is necessary that the puppy is not separated from her mother before the age of 7 or 8 weeks.
Then he can be gradually introduced to adult dogs, other humans and animals of different species in order to get him used to their presence and their various behaviors. This will be the phase of socialization itself.
Learn dog codes.
The socialization stage usually begins around the age of 8 weeks, either right after that the puppy has left her mother. It will extend up to 16 weeks of age. The duration of this phase is 2 months. It will allow the puppy to integrate behavioral and social codes canine.
In practice, this translates into reporting with other dogs: by the reactions of his peers for his own actions, the puppy will begin to not to overstep its boundaries. He will understand that he can’t bite, leg kicking and annoy others without making them react.e will also learn to create links with others.
After this phase and from 5 months, the puppy will also learn to be compared to the « Pack ». The notion of hierarchy comes into scene and the animal will naturally seek to occupy the best possible position.
Encounters frequent and quality the socialization of the puppy must consist of meetings both frequent and quality with other animals.
Frequent and quality meetings.
The socialization of the puppy must consist of meetings both frequent and quality with other animals.
Indeed, the young dog will have opportunities to rub other beings living during this phase, it will be used to their presence. Thus,.He will be accustomed to their presence. Thus, it will improve its attitude to those he will encounter.
Only, it is not always easy for owners to find the time to do it. The ideal would be to get in contact with other masters living nearby in order to organize a maximum of meetings.
It will take to ensure that these groups understand dogs ages various and, if possible, that animals have the opportunity to evolve without their leashes (or so long leashes which allow them sufficient freedom of movement).
The quality of these connections is just as important: frequent often too aggressive or too shy dogs may not be beneficial for the puppy. It should be to learn about the behaviour of other dogs, but should not rely on their appearance.A massive dog is not necessarily aggressive, and a small dog can have a tendency to attack.
Whatever it is, keep in mind that the puppy may, at times, be bullied by others or, to the contrary, to hurt behave with them. Is that by multiplying the meetings with conspecifics, humans and other animals that these shortcomings can be corrected.